Category: Services

Playground Audits

It should be noted that there is a major difference between an audit and an inspection of the playground. The audit identifies the pieces that are on the playground, their current condition, and how they measure up to the ASTM specification F1487. In addition, the surfacing and design of the play area are evaluated. The audit forms the basis for the development of a master plan to upgrade the safety of the play area and in addition to identifying the current conditions, it prioritizes the changes that have to be made to remove, repair, replace. Using the completed audits, a community can establish both the plan and budget for playground upgrading. This is especially important since few communities can afford to make all the identified changes at one time, and need to establish a plan to have their playgrounds meet the ASTM F1487 requirements.

Playground audits are comprehensive, highly detailed playground safety reports that typically include 50 – 60 pages of analysis. They show a written evaluation of your playground point-for-point with the existing safety standards. Audits are generally recommended for playground operators who are in any of the following situations:

  • Never have had a playground inspection before
  • Are seeking accreditation from NAEYC or another certifying body
  • Are contemplating a full-scale overhaul of their playground
  • Have recently completed major renovations
  • Have opened a brand new facility
  • Are facing litigation issues

From a safety standpoint, playground audits — like inspections — are important for two main reasons: they help to keep your playground safe for the children who use it, and they help to protect your organization legally. An audit by a certified inspector can reveal small problems that can mean the difference between safety and harm, so you can make the changes before a problem occurs. And if an accident does happen, the audit report is written proof of your organization’s concern for the well-being of the children on the playground.

New Installations

Hoa Playground Services will provide playground installation services using all the proper methods and measures to ensure a safe, liability-free playground environment for your organization or association. Please read the tips below to help you understand the necessity for professional playground installation from the experts.

5 Tips for New Installations

Strive to Purchase Equipment with High “Play Value”

Play is not just a way for children to pass the time. Rather, it is how children of all ages grow, develop, improve, challenge, and stimulate their minds and bodies. Of course, it’s also fun, fun, fun!
As you sit down to design a new playground (or retrofit an existing one), work to ensure it provides maximum “play value”―defined as all of those play sensations, opportunities and experiences which consciously and spontaneously encourage child development.
These elements come in the form of the playground’s physical environment (open grassy areas, trees, sidewalks, etc.), the play equipment itself (slides, swings, climbers, jumpers, etc.) and the children (and their playmates). If you’re sitting in a budget meeting and trying to decide where to cut and where to add, this is an area to add.
Research has shown the benefits of upper-body equipment, climbers, swings, slides and rotating, rocking and balancing devices in the development of children. A playground with high play value needs to have a variety of these elements and the more the better. All of these elements work together to provide settings for social exchange, problem-solving scenarios, and physiological growth. And best of all, they’re cleverly disguised as fun.
Julian Richter, founder of the German playground equipment company Richter Spielgerate GmbH, said it best, “We should have as much play value as we can possibly afford, but only as much safety as is necessary.” As we’ve discovered, a playground with high play value is usually a safer playground than one with low play value because children use the equipment spontaneously in naturally safer ways than children who must force amusement from non-stimulating facilities.

Make Sure Your Playground Meets Appropriate Safety Requirements

Playground equipment safety criteria in the United States are based upon sound principles including age appropriateness, elimination of known accident causes as reported through the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System and case law, and anthropometrics–the measurement of children’s physical dimensions, skills and abilities. The two equipment safety criteria generally accepted as the industry standards of care in the United States–the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission’s Handbook of Public Playground Safety and the American Society for Testing and Materials’ standard ASTM F1487, Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Playground Equipment for Public Use–are performance criteria, not design restrictions. The comparable standard in Canada is CAN/CSA-Z614, Children’s Playspaces and Equipment. These safety criteria permit manufacturers to demonstrate creativity and innovation as well as safety in their products.
Purchasers of playground equipment in the United States may verify that any equipment they are considering has been checked for compliance with either the U.S. or Canadian standard by searching for that item by manufacturer and model number on the Web site The third-party certification validation program is administered by the Detroit Testing Laboratory.

Have Your Equipment Installed by a Qualified Installer

Playground equipment arrives from the manufacturer as a set of parts requiring careful assembly and installation. The installers should be trained individuals, able to read and understand assembly directions, plans and other graphics; knowledgeable about soils, drainage, concrete, asphalt and other construction materials; skilled and experienced in the use of construction tools, equipment and machinery; and certified in playground installation from either the manufacturer of the specific equipment being installed, or by the International Playground Contractors Association.

Install and Maintain Sufficient Safety Surfacing

The most frequent cause of reported injuries to children on playgrounds is falling. To reduce the frequency and severity of fall injuries, all public playground equipment must be installed over appropriate safety surfacing. The Standard Guide for ASTM Standards for Playground Equipment (ASTM F2223) is an excellent summary of standards for selecting and specifying surface systems. This guide describes how to apply the appropriate ASTM Standards to evaluate accessibility characteristics and product characteristics. It is essential that the surfacing material or product used has sufficient depth or thickness to ensure adequate impact attenuation, is installed with correct surface and subsurface drainage, and is well maintained.

Require CPSI Verification of Standards Compliance Prior to First Use

Part of the construction of a playground should be a post-installation safety audit performed by a Certified Playground Safety Inspector (CPSI) prior to acceptance by the owner. This audit should include all the equipment and the surfacing. Any condition found to be non-compliant with the standards should be evaluated and given a priority rating based upon the exposure, probability of injury and, most likely, injury severity level. Severe non-compliances, rated as “Priority One,” should be corrected immediately, before the playground is accepted for use. Other non-compliances should be scheduled for correction in a reasonable time frame based upon owner/operator policy.

Monty Christiansen, B.S.L.A., M.L.A., is a member of IPEMA’s “Voice of Play” Board of Advisors. He is also Co-founder of the National Playground Safety Institute (NPSI) and Executive Director of the International Playground Safety Institute (IPSI). He lectures extensively around the world and has received many awards for his work, including the Lindbeck Award for Excellence in Teaching from Penn State University, where his is now Professor Emeritus. He can be contacted at

Playground Amenities

Shade Structures

Play Surface Restoration

  • Wood Chips / Bark Mulch
  • Sand
  • Engineered Wood Fiber/Shredded Rubber Mulch
  • Unitary Surfacing - Poured in Place Rubber